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Coping with Test Pain, Discomfort, and Anxiety

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Article Sources

Sources used in the development of this article include:

Illustrated Guide to Diagnostic Tests, Student Version. Lewis JV, ed. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp., 1994.

American Medical Association Complete Guide to Women's Health. Slupik RI, ed. New York: Random House, 1996:126.

Caregiving: A Step-By-Step Resource for Caring for the Person with Cancer at Home. Houts PS and Bucher JA, eds. American Cancer Society, 2000:233-240.

About Site on Mental Health Resources. Available online at through Accessed May 2001.

Thompson, ED. Introduction to Maternity and Pediatric Nursing. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W.B. Saunders Company, 1995:577.

Dr See the articles on test/procedure preparation for infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and adolescents. Available online through Accessed June 2001.

American Medical Association Family Medical Guide. 3rd ed. Clayman CB, ed. New York: Random House, Inc., 1994:767.

Rob C, Reynolds J. The Caregiver's Guide: Helping Elderly Relatives Cope with Health and Safety Problems. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1991.

Interviews (professional titles and positions are listed as they were at the time of the interviews)

Rebecca Elon, MD, MPH, Medical Director of North Arundel Senior Care, Severna Park, Maryland.

Joy Goldberger, MS, CCLS, Education Coordinator, Child Life Department, Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, Baltimore, Maryland.

Saralynn Pruett, MT (ASCP), Phlebotomy Supervisor, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota.

Karen Szafran, CPNP, nurse practitioner, pediatric practice, Alexandria, Virginia.

Myra Daly, PT (ASCP), Phlebotomy Supervisor, Northwest Community Healthcare, Arlington Heights, Illinois.

Joan Kosiek, MT(ASCP)SH, point-of-care consultant, Northwest Community Healthcare, Arlington Heights, Illinois.

Richard Flaherty, Executive Vice-President, American Association for Clinical Chemistry, Washington, District of Columbia.

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