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How Reliable is Laboratory Testing?

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Sanford KW, McPherson RA. Preanalysis, in Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods, 22ed (2011).McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Elsever-Sanders: Philadephia. Chapter 3, pp 24-36.

Khalsa AK, Santa Cruz M, Saubolle MA. Principles of preanalytic and postanalytic test management, in Clinical Laboratory Management, 2nd ed. Garcia LS, ed. Am Society for Microbiology: Washington, DC (2014). Chap 26, Pp 488-505.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Forsman, Rodney. The Value of the Laboratory Professional in the Continuum of Care. Clinical Leadership & Management Review. November/December 2002. Pp. 370-373.

Otto CN. "Identification of criteria for a report card to evaluate clinical laboratory testing services." CLMR 16(1):7-16, 2002.

Nowakowski R (1992). A Review of Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Clinical Laboratory Testing. Optometry Clinics. Vol. 2; issue 1: pp. 1-14.

Oppenheim IA (1972). Textbook for Laboratory Assistants. CV Mosby Co., Saint Louis: p. 20.

Barnett RN (1971). Clinical Laboratory Statistics. Little, Brown and Co., Boston: P. 9.

Hood W. (1980). A-Z of Clinical Chemistry. Halsted Press, New York: pp. 2 and 291.

Stiene-Martin EA, Lotspeich-Steininger CA, Koepke JA, eds. (1998). Clinical Hematology: Principles, Procedures, Correlations. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia: Pp. 565-576.

The Johns Hopkins Consumer Guide to Medical Tests (2001). Margolis S, editor. Medletter Associates, Inc., New York: P. 36.

Fernandes JJ (December 1991). Realistic Expectations of Laboratory Testing. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Vol. 91; issue 12: Pp. 1223 and 1228.

Wurman S (2001). Diagnostic Tests for Women. TOP, Newport, RI: P. 3.

Goldmann DR (1999). American College of Physicians Complete Home Medical Guide. Dorling Kindersley Ltd., New York: P. 213.

Woods MA (1994). The Clinical Medical Assistant. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia: Pp. 183-187.

Abbott Laboratories, product insert, aHIVAB. Available online at

Diagnostics Enable Medical Information Age; Improving Health Care Decisions. Presentation by AdvaMed to the House of Representatives, May 11, 2006. Available online at

American Society of Clinical Pathologists. Lab Facts. Available online at Accessed 3/1/02.

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education (October 25, 2000). Headline Watch: Colorectal Cancers and DNA Testing. Available online through Accessed 3/6/02.

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education (January 23, 2001). Pap Smear: Simple, Lifesaving Test. Available online through Accessed 3/6/02.

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