Screening tests are an important part of your preventive health care. For people between the ages of 30 and 49, these tests are used for early detection of some of the more common and potentially deadly diseases—such as cancers, diabetes, and heart disease—that begin to affect people in their middle years. These tests can help catch certain illnesses and conditions in their earliest and most curable stages, even before you notice symptoms.
With information from screening tests, your health care provider can work with you to develop preventive measures that will improve your health and can even extend your healthy years. For example, a routine cholesterol test could reveal your risk for developing heart disease, allowing you to take preventive steps—like lifestyle changes—before you develop a serious condition.
The menu above links you to articles on the laboratory screening tests suggested for adults 30 to 49 years old. The articles summarize the recommendations from various authorities, and there is consensus in many areas, but not all. Therefore, when discussing screening with your health care provider and making decisions about testing, it is important to consider your individual health situation and risk tolerance.
For more information on preventive medicine and steps you can take to keep you and your family healthy, read Wellness and Prevention in an Era of Patient Responsibility.
American Academy of Family Physicians. Preventive services for healthy living. Reviewed/updated 2/10. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/x1548.xml through http://familydoctor.org. Accessed April 2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaccines: Recs/Schedules/Immunization Schedules main page. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/default.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed April 2012.
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Physical exam frequency. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002125.htm. Accessed April 2012.
US Preventive Services Task Force. Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2007. Available online through http://www.ahrq.gov. Accessed 4 Feb 2008.
American Academy of Family Physicians. Summary of recommendations for clinical preventive services (rev 6.4). 15 Aug 2007. Available online through http://www.guideline.gov. Accessed 4 Feb 2008.