Included below are news items from the last six months.
A recent study suggests that screening for an inherited genetic defect known as familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) during routine immunization visits in early childhood could identify both children and parents at risk of premature heart disease. Photo source: NIAAA
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force now recommends that all adults ages 40 to 75 with no history of heart disease but with at least one risk factor for a heart attack or stroke take a statin drug every day. Photo source: NHLBI
A recent report supports the idea that women over age 40 who screen negative for HPV may not need to be tested for cervical cancer as often as current guidelines recommend.
Photo source: National Cancer Institute
Rates of STDs, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, were at their highest levels ever in 2015, according to a recent report from the CDC. People at risk should be tested and, if necessary, treated to lower the chance of developing serious health conditions and infecting others. Photo source: CDC
A new approach to testing for infections may allow healthcare practitioners to quickly determine whether a patient has a bacterial or viral infection, and to determine the right treatment in a timely way. Photo source: CDC, Lauren Bishop
All patients diagnosed with hepatitis C and starting treatment with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs should be tested for hepatitis B co-infection. When hepatitis C is treated with DAAs, the hepatitis B virus can reactivate and cause severe liver damage. Photo source: CDC, Dr. Erskine Palmer
Non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) is the most sensitive screening option for Down syndrome and should be discussed with all expectant mothers, regardless of age and whether or not they are at increased risk for carrying a baby with a chromosome disorder, according to the ACMG. Photo source: National Human Genome Research Institute
Breast cancer patients who are identified as low-risk by a 70-gene test may be able to avoid chemotherapy, even if they are considered to be high-risk by traditional criteria, according to new results from an ongoing study (MINDACT). Photo source: NCI, Rhoda Baer
A recent report from the CDC urges people to learn the signs and symptoms of sepsis, the body's overwhelming and life-threatening response to an infection, and to seek emergency medical care immediately if sepsis is suspected. Photo source: NIAID
While the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force says there is not enough evidence to recommend for or against routine screening for high cholesterol in all youths, the American Academy of Pediatrics endorses recommendations for universal screening. Photo source: NCI, Rhoda Baer
The FDA has directed U.S. blood collection facilities to begin screening all donated blood for the Zika virus to reduce the risk of spreading the virus through blood transfusions. Photo source: Vegasjon via Wikimedia Commons
According to Johns Hopkins researchers, universal screening for hepatitis C would identify up to 25% of adults with undiagnosed infection who would not be detected by current screening guidelines. Photo source: National Cancer Institute