Also Known As
SMRP
Formal Name
Soluble Mesothelin-Related Peptides
This article was last reviewed on
This article waslast modified on November 5, 2017.
At a Glance
Why Get Tested?

To monitor progression or recurrence of a rare cancer called mesothelioma that affects the membranes that surround the lungs, heart, and abdominal cavity; most cases of mesothelioma are associated with asbestos exposure.

When To Get Tested?

After you have been diagnosed with mesothelioma, this test may be ordered anytime during or after treatment to follow response to treatment.

Sample Required?

A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm

Test Preparation Needed?

None

You may be able to find your test results on your laboratory's website or patient portal. However, you are currently at Lab Tests Online. You may have been directed here by your lab's website in order to provide you with background information about the test(s) you had performed. You will need to return to your lab's website or portal, or contact your healthcare practitioner in order to obtain your test results.

Lab Tests Online is an award-winning patient education website offering information on laboratory tests. The content on the site, which has been reviewed by laboratory scientists and other medical professionals, provides general explanations of what results might mean for each test listed on the site, such as what a high or low value might suggest to your healthcare practitioner about your health or medical condition.

The reference ranges for your tests can be found on your laboratory report. They are typically found to the right of your results.

If you do not have your lab report, consult your healthcare provider or the laboratory that performed the test(s) to obtain the reference range.

Laboratory test results are not meaningful by themselves. Their meaning comes from comparison to reference ranges. Reference ranges are the values expected for a healthy person. They are sometimes called "normal" values. By comparing your test results with reference values, you and your healthcare provider can see if any of your test results fall outside the range of expected values. Values that are outside expected ranges can provide clues to help identify possible conditions or diseases.

While accuracy of laboratory testing has significantly evolved over the past few decades, some lab-to-lab variability can occur due to differences in testing equipment, chemical reagents, and techniques. This is a reason why so few reference ranges are provided on this site. It is important to know that you must use the range supplied by the laboratory that performed your test to evaluate whether your results are "within normal limits."

For more information, please read the article Reference Ranges and What They Mean.

What is being tested?

Soluble mesothelin-related peptides (SMRP) are breakdown products from proteins found in the membranes that line the cavities surrounding the lungs, heart, and abdomen. High amounts of SMRP are often seen in the blood of people suffering from mesothelioma, and the amount of SMRP in the blood is thought to be related to the extent of disease. This test measures the amount of SMRP in the blood. 

Malignant mesothelioma is a rare cancer of the membranes that cover the outside of internal organs and line body cavities, including the chest (pleural mesothelioma), abdominal cavity (peritoneal mesothelioma), and the heart (pericardial mesothelioma). About 3,000 new cases are diagnosed annually in the U.S., and pleural mesothelioma is the most common type, accounting for 90% of all cases.

Malignant mesotheliomas can also be classified based on the type of cell found:

  • Epithelioid cell type (line body cavities): accounts for 50-70% of mesotheliomas; tends to be associated with a better prognosis than the other types.
  • Sarcomatoid cell type: accounts for about 10% of mesotheliomas and is the most difficult to treat.
  • Mixed (biphasic): has both epithelioid and sarcomatoid areas; accounts for up to 40% of mesotheliomas.

Most cases of pleural mesothelioma—about 70% to 80%—arise in people with a history of working with asbestos, especially in the shipbuilding, construction, automotive, and fireproofing industries. The disease has a long latency period, meaning that people usually develop mesothelioma 20 to 50 years after asbestos exposure.

How is the sample collected for testing?

A blood sample is drawn by needle from a vein in the arm.

Is any test preparation needed to ensure the quality of the sample?

No test preparation is needed.

Accordion Title
Common Questions
  • How is it used?

    The test for soluble mesothelin-related peptides (SMRP) is used to monitor people who have been diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma. It is not used to diagnose the disease.

    Malignant mesothelioma is a rare cancer of the membranes that cover the outside of internal organs and line body cavities, including the chest, abdominal cavity, and the heart. It is usually seen in people who have a history of working with asbestos.

    SMRP tests are most often used in conjunction with imaging tests such as positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) to:

    • Determine if someone with mesothelioma is responding to treatment
    • See if the disease has spread
    • Determine if the disease has returned after a person has been treated
  • When is it ordered?

    A healthcare practitioner might order a series of SMRP tests to monitor progression of mesothelioma or its recurrence:

    • After someone has been diagnosed
    • After surgery has been done to remove tumor tissue in the chest cavity
    • During and/or after chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • What does the test result mean?

    If a series of SMRP tests show SMRP levels are increasing, it may indicate that mesothelioma has progressed. If the series of tests indicates that SMRP levels are decreasing, then the person may be responding to therapy. If the levels are unchanged, it may mean that the disease has stabilized.

    The interpretation of SMRP test results will likely be done in conjunction with results from imaging studies. That is because:

    • People with other cancers —including lung, ovarian, endometrial, and pancreatic cancers—can have elevated test levels as a result of their cancers producing substances that interfere with the test.
    • Some people with epithelial mesothelioma, a form of the disease that affects the cavity lining or membranes, do not produce SMRP.
  • Is there anything else I should know?

    This test is not used to diagnose mesothelioma but only used to monitor progression or recurrence. The diagnosis of this disease is often difficult and involves many steps. It usually begins with a review of the person's medical history, including a history of exposure to asbestos, and with a complete physical examination. These may be followed by imaging studies of the chest and abdomen, including X-rays and computed tomography (CT) scans, and with pulmonary function tests (PFTs). Diagnosis may be confirmed by examining tissue from a biopsy or fluid from the affected area for malignant cells.

    In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration has classified the test for SMRP in a special category, as a Humanitarian Use Device (HUD), with a Humanitarian Device Exemption (HDE). The HDE is intended to make medical devices, like laboratory tests, available to those with rare diseases even though the device has not undergone the usual evaluation for effectiveness. To qualify for an HDE, the device must be intended for use in diseases that occur in fewer than 4,000 patients per year. These diseases are so rare that it is not cost effective for a manufacturer to do the extensive evaluation needed for FDA approval. The exemption makes a potentially useful device or test available to the small number of people who might benefit from it.

    Nonetheless, manufacturers must show that an exempted device doesn't pose any threat of illness or injury and that its probable benefits outweigh any risks. However, since HDE tests have not been validated as effective, they are considered experimental. So, before a person can have an SMRP test performed, the healthcare provider must obtain the approval of an institutional review board (IRB), a committee charged with overseeing medical research involving humans and protecting the rights and welfare of study subjects. The manufacturer of the SMRP test has contracted with a national IRB to provide the review and oversight for this test. The healthcare provider will receive certification to use SMRP from that review board.

  • What is asbestos and how does it cause mesothelioma?

    Asbestos is a heat- and fire-resistant insulating material that was widely used in construction, shipbuilding, and the automotive industry after 1945 and through the 1970s. Workers breathed in the tiny fibers that comprise asbestos. Those fibers entered their pleura, the lining of the chest cavity and lung, and damaged its cells. Mesothelioma develops over a long period of between 20 and 50 years.  Research has also shown that family members and others living with workers exposed to asbestos are at an increased risk of developing mesothelioma.

  • Should everyone have an SMRP test to screen for mesothelioma?

    The test is not intended for or useful as a general screening tool but only to help evaluate those who have already been diagnosed with mesothelioma. Since mesothelioma is a very rare cancer, most people will never need to have this test performed.

  • Can I have the SMRP test done in my healthcare provider's office?

    No, the test requires specialized equipment to perform and is not offered by most laboratories. In most cases, your blood will need to be sent to a reference laboratory.

View Sources

Sources Used in Current Review

Tan, W. (2014 April 23 Updated). Mesothelioma. Medscape Drugs and Diseases Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/280367-overview. Accessed on 6/19/16.

(2016 February 17 Revised). Malignant Mesothelioma. American Cancer Society. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/malignantmesothelioma/detailedguide/malignant-mesothelioma-malignant-mesothelioma. Accessed on 6/19/16.

Ai, J. and Stevenson, J. (2014 September). Current Issues in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Evaluation and Management. Oncologist. 2014 Sep; 19(9): 975–984. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4153452/. Accessed on 6/19/16.

(2016 May Updated). Mesothelioma. ARUP Consult. Available online at https://arupconsult.com/content/mesothelioma/?tab=tab_item-0. Accessed on 6/19/16.

Carletti, A. et al (2012). Soluble Mesothelin-Related Peptide in the Pleural Fluid as a Diagnostic Marker in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma. Chest. 2012;142(4_MeetingAbstracts):494A. doi:10.1378/chest.1373488. Available online at http://journal.publications.chestnet.org/article.aspx?articleID=1375898. Accessed on 6/19/16.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2015 October 23). Mesothelioma. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mesothelioma/basics/definition/CON-20026157?p=1. Accessed on 6/19/16.

Opitz, I. et al (2014 March 12) Biomolecular and clinical practice in malignant pleural mesothelioma and lung cancer: what thoracic surgeons should know. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 46 (2014) 602–606. Available online at http://ejcts.oxfordjournals.org/content/46/4/602.full.pdf+html. Accessed on 6/19/16.

Asbestos.com. Mesothelioma Histology. Available online at https://www.asbestos.com/mesothelioma/histology.php. Accessed October 2016.

Mesothelioma.com. Types of Mesothelioma. Available online at http://www.mesothelioma.com/mesothelioma/types/. Accessed October 2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

ARUP Laboratories. Soluble Mesothelin-Related Peptides (MESOMARK®). (March 2007, Issued). PDF available for download through http://www.aruplab.com. Accessed on June 17, 2008.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Devices and Radiological Health (February 22, 2007, Updated). New Humanitarian Device Approval: Mesomark ™ - H060004. Available online at http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/mda/docs/H060004.html. Accessed on June 16, 2008.

Email interview with David Grenache, Medical Director, Special Chemistry, ARUP Laboratories, Salt Lake City, Utah. June 20, 2008.

Pacific Heart & Blood Institute. Mesomark. Available online at http://www.phlbi.org/mesomark_available.asp. Accessed June 17, 2008.

ARUP Laboratories. The Physician's Guide to Laboratory Test Selection and Interpretation: Mesothelioma. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/OncologicDz/Mesothelioma.html. Accessed June 17, 2008.

Fujirebio Diagnostics. FAQ: The Mesomark Assay. Available at http://www.fdi.com/mesomark/world/about/faqs.html#4. Accessed June 18, 2008.

Beyer, H. et al. Mesomark™: A Potential Test for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma. Clinical Chemistry 2007: 53: 666-672.

Creaney, J. et al. Soluble mesothelin in effusions: a useful tool for the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. Thorax 2007; 62: 569-576.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Center for Devices and Radiological Health Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff: Humanitarian Device Exemption (HDE) Regulation: Questions and Answers. (July 18, 2006, Issued). PDF available for download at http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/ode/guidance/1381.pdf. Accessed June 16, 2008.

Fujirebio Diagnostics. Healthcare Professionals: Mesomark ® Approved for Humanitarian Use in the U.S. Available online at http://www.fdi.com/mesomark/usa/professionals/healthcare_professionals.html. Accessed June 18, 2008.

Cancer Research UK. Mesothelioma Risks and Causes. (February 5, 2008, Updated). Available online at http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=4395. Accessed June 20, 2008.

National Cancer Institute. Mesothelioma: Questions and Answers. (May 13, 2002, Reviewed). Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/mesothelioma. Accessed June 20, 2008.

(Revised 2011 June 16). How is malignant mesothelioma diagnosed? American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/MalignantMesothelioma/DetailedGuide/malignant-mesothelioma-diagnosed. Accessed November 2011.

(2009 March). Soluble Mesothelin-Related Peptides (MESOMARK®) for Monitoring Patients Diagnosed with Biphasic or Epithellioid Mesothelioma ARUP Technical Bulletins [On-line information]. Available online through https://www.aruplab.com. Accessed November 2011.

Tan, W. (Updated 2010 October 7). Mesothelioma. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/280367-overview. Accessed November 2011.

Wheatley-Price, P. (2010 July 10). Soluble Mesothelin-Related Peptide and Osteopontin As Markers of Response in Malignant Mesothelioma. JCO v(28) 20 [On-line information]. Available online at http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/28/20/3316.full. Accessed November 2011.

Ray, M. and Kindler, H. (2009 September). Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, An Update on Biomarkers and Treatment. CHEST v 136 (3) [On-line information]. Available online at http://chestjournal.chestpubs.org/content/136/3/888.full. Accessed November 2011.

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