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Measles and Mumps Tests

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Also known as: Rubeola; Parotitis; Measles Immunity Test; Mumps Immunity Test; Measles Blood Test; Mumps Blood Test
Formal name: Measles Antibody, IgM and IgG; Measles Viral Culture; Measles by RT-PCR; Mumps Antibody, IgM and IgG; Mumps Viral Culture; Mumps by RT-PCR
Related tests: Rubella Test, TORCH

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At a Glance

Why Get Tested?

To diagnose a measles or mumps infection; to establish whether a person has immunity to measles or mumps due to a previous infection or to vaccination; to confirm a measles or mumps case and investigate its source

When to Get Tested?

When a person has symptoms or complications that a health practitioner suspects are due to a measles or mumps infection; whenever it is necessary or desired to determine measles or mumps immunity; when an outbreak of measles or mumps is occurring in order to track and minimize it

Sample Required?

A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm for measles or mumps antibody testing; to detect the virus itself, sample may be blood, urine, nasopharyngeal (nasal) aspirate/washing, throat swab, swab of the inside of the cheek (buccal swab), cerebrospinal fluid, or other body tissue

Test Preparation Needed?

Prior to collection of a buccal swab for mumps, the salivary gland located in front of and below the ear (parotid gland) is massaged. For other specimens, no test preparation is needed.