Paracentesis is the removal of peritoneal fluid from the abdominal cavity with a needle, tubing, and a container that may have a vacuum. The patient is positioned lying down with the head of the bed raised. A local anesthetic is applied and then the doctor inserts the needle into the abdominal cavity and the sample is removed.
Yes. Sometimes it will be performed to drain excess peritoneal fluid – to relieve pressure in the abdomen. The volume of fluid removed may be large – sometimes as much as four liters (1 gallon) or more. This may need to be repeated periodically with some diseases.
3. Are any other procedures done to help evaluate conditions involving the peritoneum?
Yes. If abdominal bleeding is suspected but is not evident because there is no swelling of the abdomen, a peritoneal lavage may be performed. This is done by inserting a small tube (catheter) into the peritoneal space, infusing a small amount of sterile fluid, and then withdrawing the fluid to see if any blood is present. A cell count is usually performed on a sample of the fluid.
This article was last reviewed on July 8, 2012. | This article was last modified on October 8, 2014.
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