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Also known as: PRL
Formal name: Prolactin

At a Glance

Why Get Tested?

To help investigate unexplained flow of breast milk (galactorrhea), abnormal nipple discharge, absence of menstrual periods, and/or infertility in women; in men, to help diagnose the cause of decreased libido and/or erectile dysfunction; to detect and monitor a prolactin-producing pituitary tumor (prolactinoma)

When to Get Tested?

When you have symptoms of elevated prolactin, such as galactorrhea and/or visual disturbances and headaches; during a workup for infertility; for follow-up of low testosterone in men; periodically to monitor for recurrence of a prolactinoma

Sample Required?

A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm

Test Preparation Needed?

None; however, the sample should be collected 3 to 4 hours after waking.